In the 21st century, mental health is one of the most critical health requirements that society needs to address. It is estimated that 1 in every 4 families has a member suffering from a mental health disorder. 14% of the global burden of disease is caused by mental disorders. Mental illness is one of the 10 leading causes of disability in Asia.
In 2011, the Sir Ratan Tata Trust & Navajbai Ratan Tata Trust launched the Mental Health Initiative as a platform / catalyst to provide 'critical momentum to mental health action in the country and to significantly reduce the burden of mental illness'.
The main objectives of the programme are:
The programme also covers members of the homeless population with mental illness, who are rescued from the streets and provided shelter, food and treatment, and integrated with their families.
Udaan, the Tata Trusts’ most ambitious health initiative, is developing and implementing pathbreaking initiatives in the area of mental health care.
India conducted its first comprehensive mental health survey in 2016. The survey places mental morbidity of individuals above 18 years of age at 10.6%. This excludes disorders that result from the use of tobacco. Translated into real numbers, this means that currently, nearly 150 million people need intervention for a mental health condition. The survey also showed lifetime population prevalence at 13.7%; severe mental disorders clock in at 1.9% with a current prevalence of 0.8%. Based on the 2011 census, this means 10 million people are currently living with severe mental illness. Of these, less than 25% receive any form of treatment. Read more