Page 35 - Tata-Trusts-Annual-Report-2021-22
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OVERVIEW                                                  regulated, and funded states for implementing
                                                                                       programmes  dealing with various aspects of water,
                             India accounts for about 16% of the world’s population, but   ranging from ground and surface water management,
                             possesses only 4% of the global freshwater resources.     service delivery in urban and rural areas, to water for
                             Over the past few decades, the country has consistently   irrigation, which  have  been  apportioned  among  a
                             drawn upon critical groundwater resources, which account   number of ministries with little to no coordination
                             for 40% of India’s water supply. Today, it is undergoing the   among themselves.
                             worst water crisis in its history and is projected to touch
                             critical water scarcity levels in the absence of any change   The Trusts’ Tata Water Mission (TWM) aims to create a
                             or remedial measures.                                     healthy and water secure future for underserved
                                                                                       communities by providing access to  safe, assured, and
                             Currently, over 600 million people face high to extreme   adequate water and improved hygiene services through
                             water  stress, with 75% of households having no access    sustainable approaches covering 42 districts across
                             to drinking water on their premises. A McKinsey and Water   14 states.
                             Resources Group report estimates that in a business-as-
                             usual scenario, the country’s water demand is expected to
                             rise to a level that is twice the available supply, by 2030.   OBJECTIVES OF  TATA WATER MISSION
                             This would translate into more than 40% of the population
                                                                                       •  Provide functional household tap connectivity to every
                             not having access  to drinking water, and 6%  of the
                                                                                         household, by creating a user-centric and sustainable
                             country’s GDP being lost due to acute water scarcity by
                                                                                         drinking water service delivery mechanism.
                             2050. This would result in the biggest humanitarian crisis
                             in the history of independent India.
                                                                                       •  Address water quality challenges through innovative
                                                                                         context-specific and a ordable solutions at the
                             Apart from microbial water contamination, the
                                                                                         community and household levels.
                             occurrence of diseases due to chemical
                             contaminants, such as  fluoride, arsenic, iron,
                                                                                                  • Promote water security approaches to make
                             nitrates, etc., is becoming highly prevalent in
                                                                                                           communities self-reliant for their
                             rural  and urban  areas  due to  the  over
                                                                                                           water needs (drinking, domestic,
                             exploitation of groundwater and other
                                                                                                           and agricultural).
                             human induced problems like excessive
                             usage of fertilisers, improper disposal
                                                                                                  •  Provide information and  sustainable
                             of industrial waste, etc.
                                                                                                    solutions across the value chain to
                                                                                                        promote safe and e ective menstrual
                             During the recent past, the
                                                                                                         hygiene management.
                             institutional landscape for
                             water in India has become
                                                                                                • Create awareness among stakeholders though
                             somewhat fragmented, with about seven
                                                                                                social behavioural change communication.
                             ministries and more than 10 departments
                             having a say on di erent aspects of water
                                                                                       •  Build a resilient ecosystem by developing an
                             management and use, with overlapping roles and
                                                                                         institutional structure and social capital.
                             responsibilities. The centre has facilitated, legislated,

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