Page 10 - Tata Trusts-Stories of Change
P. 10

CASE STUDY 1

          The right to home, land, and progress



          The mineral-rich state of Odisha is home also to extreme   change. It was aimed at enabling identification and
          poverty. The state is urbanising rapidly with nearly 7ˆmillion   securing and transferring land rights to slum dwellers in
          out of its total population of 41.9 million living in towns   all municipalities and Notified Area Councils (NACs) in the
          and cities. The heavy influx of migrants comprises a   state. The urban poor would get heritable and mortgage-
          majority of poor people in search of livelihood, with the   able land rights up to 30 square meters for residential use
          result that nearly 5,00,000 households live in slums.   free of cost.


          Without due legal, formal process of home ownership,   Further, a legal provision was created to encourage the
          they lack access to basic facilities and face a number of   development, rehabilitation and upgradation of slums.
          vulnerabilities, including insecurity about the tenure for   The area allocated would be increased to 45sq. mts. in
          where they are currently living. The problem extends to   municipalities and 60sq. mts. in NACs, upon payment of
          several other aspects such as inability to get micro loans   a certain percentage of a benchmark value. In order to
          to start a business or access basic services or find a job.   implement the Act, the Odisha government through the
                                                              Housing and Urban Development Department, reachedˆout
          In August 2017, the Government of Odisha enacted a   to the Tata Trusts for technical support. A Memorandum
          landmark legislation, the ‘Odisha Land Rights to Slum   ofˆUnderstanding to that effect was signed on
          Dwellers, Act 2017’ which sparked a long-term grassroots   March 13, 2018.

          The Tata Trusts implemented a pilot in Puri and Ganjam districts for the programme that aims
          to turn existing slums into liveable habitats










          One Urban Local Body (ULB) in Puri and   52,000 households have successfully   The Tata Trusts has also mobilised
          eight ULBs in Ganjam—a total of 1,896   received their Land Tenure   the formation of slum dwellers
          slums with 1,97,000 households—were   Certification so far; 15,000 households   associations in 1,886 slums to
          studied through drone survey, slum   have been linked to government   promote ownership and participation
          mapping, followed by holistic habitat   housing schemes like Pradhan Mantri   from slum dwellers as a primary
          planning, housing and common spaces   Awaas Yojana.                  stakeholder in the process.
          design. Surveys were conducted
          door-to-door for 1,50,000 households.



          Particulars of the Odisha land rights project


                                        First of its kind in its aim to transform about
                                        2,000 slums into liveable habitat.
          Being talked about as the                                                     The enormity of spatial
          ‘World’s largest slum                                                         data and the household
          titling initiative’.                                                          data base created is a
                                                                                        first in India.


          Established partnership                                                       The project received
          with Norman Foster                                                            HUDCO Award from
          Foundation led by eminent                                                     Government of India for
          architect Lord Foster for                                                     best practices to improve
          developing a model for                                                        the living environment
          liveable habitat.                                                             2017-18.






          8
   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15